Tooth erosion can reason mild dental problems, from tooth discoloration to sensitivity to more severe dental problems, such as indentions in the teeth, severe tooth sensitivity, and even cracked teeth.
The outer layer of your teeth consists of enamel, a substance that protects against physical and chemical damage. Tooth enamel is very tough. In fact, it’s the hardest tissue in the human body — even tougher than bone.
Enamel is the first defense for your teeth against the many different chemicals they’re exposed to from food and bodily fluids. As a result, it can be prone to wear and tear. This is referred to as enamel erosion.
Symptoms of tooth enamel erosion can vary. They often include:
- increased sensitivity to taste, textures, and temperature
- cracks and chips
- indentations knew as cups on the surface of your teeth
Causes of enamel erosion
- acidic foods, such as apples, citrus fruits, berries, and rhubarb
- fruit drinks and juices
- excess vitamin C, found in citrus fruits
- sugary foods, such as ice cream, syrups, and caramel
- starchy foods, such as white bread
Preventing Tooth Erosion
Tooth erosion can do severe damage to your teeth, but it can also be prevented.
- After eating or drinking acidic foods or beverages, rinse your mouth with water so that the acid will be neutralized.
- Wait at least an hour before brushing your teeth after consuming acidic foods or beverages to allow the teeth to rematerialize after the acid exposure.
- Swallow acidic liquids rapidly instead of swishing them around or holding them in your mouth.
- Chewing sugar-free gum can help decrease dry mouth and increase the saliva flow, allowing for your teeth to rematerialize.