When people think about depression, they often divide it into one of two things—either clinical depression which necessitates treatment or “regular” depression that pretty much anyone can go through.
As a situation, depression can be a difficult concept to grasp since we refer to it as both the symptom of a situation and a situation itself.
It affects how you feel, think, and behave and can interfere with your capability to function and carry on with daily life. There are many different causes of depression, some of which we don’t fully understand. Seven of the more common types include the following.
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by periods of abnormally elevated mood known as mania. These periods can be mild (hypomania) or they can be so extreme as to reason marked impairment with a person’s life, necessitate hospitalization, or affect a person’s sense of reality. The vast majority of those with the bipolar illness also have episodes of major depression.
- Irritability and anxiety
- Indecision and disorganization
- Fatigue, insomnia, and lethargy
- Unexplained aches, pains, and psychomotor agitation
- Hopelessness and loss of self-esteem
When people use the term clinical depression, they are usually referring to major depressive disorder (MDD). A major depressive disorder is a mood disorder characterized by a number of key features:
- Depressed mood
- Lack of interest in activities usually enjoyed
- Changes in weight
- Changes in sleep
- Feelings of worthlessness and guilt
- Difficulty concentrating
Pregnancy can bring about significant hormonal shifts that can often affect a woman’s moods. Depression can have its onset during pregnancy or following the birth of a child.
- Social withdrawal
- Trouble bonding with your baby
- Appetite changes
- Feeling helpless and hopeless
- Low mood, feelings of sadness
- Severe mood swings
- Loss of interest in things you used to enjoy
- Feeling inadequate or worthless
- Anxiety and panic attacks